If you are in search of a new career path or you are a student who doesn’t know what major to choose to obtain skills for a well-paying profession, we are here to help! In this post, we are discussing who is a Full Stack Developer and what skills and certifications to obtain to apply for such jobs. And of course, here we will also talk about the salaries.
It is the creation of an IT product from the stage of an idea conception to the final product. This implies user interaction, i.e., the visual component, and the technical part, including work with servers set up and support, etc. The professionals fitting the requirements for this position are highly demanded, especially in the developed IT markets such as the USA. In the majority of cases, it is start-ups and small projects that require such specialists who can create MVP, a minimum viable product suitable for preliminary user tests, which after the initial feedback is received, is revised and completed with the involvement of narrow-niche specialists.
A Full Stack developer is a universal programmer able on their own to develop a fully functional product from scratch. It means that such a specialist has skills both in Back-end and Front-end programming, i.e., hardware and software creation and maintenance and user interface designing, respectively.
Actually, the separation into Back-end and Front-end programmers occurred only around ten years ago, when software products became multi-layered and multi-leveled structures. Before that, the majority of coders had been implementing the duties of a Full-Stack expert, albeit nobody called them so.
Nowadays, companies seek such versatile specialists due to several reasons. For instance, a project isn’t very complicated technically but demands repeated changes in implementation. It means that the tasks are numerous but aren't difficult, so dividing them among several employers would be time-consuming and confusing. It is easier to have one specialist who can manage the whole system at once. Or, a company needs not a readymade product but an MVP (minimum viable product), a simplified version of the future product that is used to collect feedback for final software revision. In such a case, a single specialist is better because, in the need of constant alterations, there will be much fewer misunderstandings and downtime.
Another situation is when a company doesn’t have the budget for several developer teams, so the more universal employers are preferred to mitigate the risks, especially if it is not an active product development phase.
There could be different causes why companies seek a diversified developer, but the profession is highly demanded and is well-paid, and that's a fact.
Additionally, a specialist should know how to work with React, Vue.js, and Angular and be able to create adaptive designs displayed adequately on different devices. An undoubted benefit would be the basic comprehension of User experience design and how customers will interact with a website or an app.
As for the Back-end part skills, they include:
To summarize, the main skills include:
The common duties of Full Stack devs are the same as those of the programmers engaged in other areas, i.e., creating and implementing new system modules, reviewing code, fixing bugs, etc. But this role implies ensuring that all of the technical and visual components of the product are made from scratch to the MVP. So, basically, Full Stack specialists implement a role of a team of developers. Beyond these basics, a specialist needs to know how to create good, healthy, sandboxed development environments, both in Docker and virtual machines like Vagrant. Also, he or she must know version control to be able to create backups and join collections of code and track alterations over time.
We have already listed the skills needed to be a demanded expert in the field. So, in order to compete for the positions where such a specialist is needed, you need all of the mentioned skills and knowledge, although they can be at various levels. We mean that you don’t necessarily need to be a perfect, super-talented, and creative designer, and at the same time a proficient Back-end developer. It is sufficient to have basic skills working in any graphic editing software, at least a superficial comprehension of UX, and, of course, solid technical training.
To apply for interesting jobs in the field, you don’t need special certifications. Many programmers are self-taught. However, it would be preferable to obtain a bachelor’s degree in computer science or mathematics. And self-learning is difficult for you, you can apply for various offline and online courses, use YouTube tutorials, and so on.
According to Payscale, the median annual salary in this field in the USA is $75,000. An entry-level specialist can earn around $50,000 a year, and a specialist with years of experience can expect an annual pay of $100,000.
In Canada, people occupying the same position earn around C$69,000 or $57,000 a year. A young specialist is paid around C$50,000 or $41,000 a year. And a senior-level specialist can count for about C$90,000 or $74,000 yearly. In India, the median yearly salary of professionals in the field is around ₹582,659, or $8,000. Young professionals with minimum expertise are paid around ₹276,000 or $3,800 a year. And experts working for more than ten years in the industry can earn around ₹1,000,000 or nearly $14,000 a year.
As for the salaries of Full Stack developers employed at the same companies in India, the statistics are the following: