Devops Engineer

12 courses

What is a DevOps engineer?

Many of today's students think about a career in IT. But there are so many options, so it can be hard to choose what to learn. Besides, not all professions are even known to a wide audience. We have a series of articles dedicated to helping you choose the right path in the IT industry to find the profession that you will love and that suits your personal qualities and skills. In this post, we are talking about DevOps engineers. We are going to explain what are their responsibilities, the needed skills, and of course, the average salary.

What is a DevOps? 

DevOps is an IT products development methodology aiming to establish interaction between programmers and system administrators in the company. Its goal is to shorten the development time through the minimization of misunderstandings of the team members’ tasks. This methodology ensures a "seamless" development cycle, thereby helping to speed up the release of the software product.

The facilitation and speeding up of the development are achieved through the integration of automation systems. Besides, it involves programmers in the server setting up and bug finding. For instance, they can write automated tests. This improves the interaction between the departments so that employees better understand what stages the software product goes through before getting into the hands of the user.

What does a DevOps engineer do?

For instance, when a developer understands what an administrator encounters during server setup, he or she will try to smooth out possible "sharp corners" in the code. It can dramatically lower the number of bugs in the deployment. A DevOps engineer is a person responsible for the integration of DevOps methodology. He or she synchronizes all of the stages of product development from coding to testing. A specialist controls the development and administration departments, and implements the automation of their tasks, introducing various software tools.

How to become a DevOps engineer without experience?

  • Learn one of the programming languages             

  • Get skills in Linux and Windows operating systems.              

  • Learn networking security and protocols.              

  • Try to understand the concept of Infrastructure as Code.              

  • Get practice with Integration/Continuous Deployment tools.              

  • Review application and infrastructure monitoring.              

  • Review cloud providers.              

  • Study cloud design patterns.

DevOps engineer skills

DevOps engineer position requires skills of several professions such as a system administrator, developer, tester, and manager.

The main required skills are:

  1. Proficiency in the system administration on Windows/Linux platforms. This includes the ability to create and administrate servers.
  2. Experience in virtualization implementation. Experience working with VMware, KVM, Xen, Hyper-V, or another hypervisor.
  3. Broad technical expertise. Understanding of storage and work in the network.
  4. Experience coding in Terraform, Bash, Powershell, Perl, Ruby, JavaScript, Python, C +, C ++, .NET, ASP
  5. Borderline Developer skills. This includes the creation of scripts that will launch and orchestrate a full deployment of DEV, QA, and Production environments using tools like Chef, Puppet, CFEngine, or other similar tools.
  6. Experience working with Chef, Puppet, or another automation tool.
  7. Good communication skills. This is crucial to coordinate the work of multiple employees and communicating with clients.
  8. Experience in deploying apps in Amazon AWS, Google, or Azure. A specialist needs to be able not only to transfer the existing servers and apps into the cloud but also to develop and deploy apps in the cloud from the start.

DevOps engineer certification

As for many other IT professions, you don’t need a certification to apply for the jobs. Obtaining a valuable certification can increase your chances of getting a better-paid job, but most certifications are designed for professionals who have been working for at least several years in the industry and not beginners.

The most prestigious certificates for DevOps engineers are:

  1. AWS Certification is based on an exam from Amazon. It is developed for professionals with more than 2 years of experience working with AWS environments. The certification exam confirms such skills as the realization of systems and methodologies of continuous AWS delivery and their management, integration, and automation of security systems, and others. The required skills to pass the exam include experience working with one or several programming languages, creation of high-degree automated infrastructures, administration of operating systems, and understanding of modern methodologies, processes, and operation of IT products.
  2. Azure Certification is based on an exam from Microsoft. To be able to pass the exam for the DevOps Engineer Expert certificate, you need to pass Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate, Microsoft Certified: Azure Developer Associate certifications. The skills needed for the certificate include the development and implementation of collaboration strategies, codes, and infrastructure enabling continuous integration, testing, delivery, tracking, and feedback. You need to be familiar with administrating and Azur development and be an expert in one of these areas.
  3. Google Cloud Professional DevOps Engineer certification. To pass an exam, a professional must have knowledge and skills in using Google Cloud Platform for IT product delivery and be able to implement automation to ensure service reliability and delivery speed.

DevOps engineer salary in India

In India, DevOps engineers are paid around ₹708,000 or $9,700 annually. An entry-level position is rewarded with ₹390,000 or $5,300 annually. Specialists with 1-4 years of experience earn around ₹598,000 or $8,200 a year, with more than 5 years of experience – around ₹1,182,000 or $16,200 a year. Professionals with 10+ years of experience are paid around ₹1,759,000 or $24,000 a year.  According to the Payscale platform, salaries by city

  • Average DevOps engineer salary in Bangalore - ₹871,234 / year

  • Average DevOps engineer salary in Mumbai -₹820,397 / year

  • Average DevOps engineer salary in Chennai - ₹693,650 / year

  • Average DevOps engineer salary in Hyderabad-  ₹791,576 / year

  • Average DevOps engineer salary in Pune -  ₹843,707 / year

And now let’s see what Salaries offer by major IT companies for DevOps engineers:

  • The average salary a DevOps professional receives annually at Microsoft in the USA is $120,000. In India, the average salary for the same position is ₹ 846,781, or $11,600 a year.
  • Google pays DevOps specialists on average $123,000 a year. In India, the average salary is ₹961,000 or $13,170 annually.
  • DevOps employed at Amazon U.S. offices earn around $115,000 a year. In India, the same position is rewarded with ₹1,000,000 or $13,700 a year.
Responsibilities of Devops Engineer
Launch of the release delivered by the developers into production
Integration of the development processes into deliveries
Standardizing of the development environment
Configuration and setting up of servers, automated validation and code uploading
Automation of testing, solution of deployment tasks
Finding and fixing bugs and issues
Ensuring all processes and tasks automation
Salary of Devops Engineer
junior 600000-1200000
middle 1200000-1850000
senior 1850000-3000000